By Barrier Free Japan with extracts translated from The Kobe Shimbun
January 30th 2020
HYOGO Pref – The number of confirmed cases of abuse against people with disabilities during fiscal year 2018 in Hyogo prefecture, western Japan was 125, the highest ever for the prefecture. Abuse by staff at welfare facilities increased from 9 cases to 40 cases, which was also the highest ever.
According to the Hyogo Prefectural Disability Welfare Division, there were 384 consultations and reports regarding disability abuse reported to prefecture and municipalities in FY2018. It is an increase from the 79 cases reported in 2017. The breakdown for FY2018 is as follows:
233 cases of abuse by parents and siblings who are “caregivers” accounted for 60%, and there was 133 cases of abuse by facility staff, which accounts for more than 30% of all cases.
According to the Hyogo Prefectural Disability Welfare Division, “In 2018, interest in abuse increased due to the discovery of confinement cases involving persons with disabilities in Sanda City, and the number of reports at the stage before serious cases increased.”
Sixty percent of the victims of abuse caused by facility staff were intellectually disabled and 29% were physically disabled. Physical abuse and psychological abuse were both high at 43%, and abuses such as scolding for a long time and grabbing the chest were prominent.
In more than half of the cases the perpetrators were “caregivers“, but the number of cases by facility staff has been increasing year by year.
According to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, the number of abuse cases nation wide in FY2018 was 2,745, and the number of abuse by facility staff was 592, the highest ever, according to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.